Minimum wage is one major cause of unemployment. All it means is that if your production is not WORTH $15/hr, then you remain unemployed. It means employers will either only hire people with demonstrated work skills (like retired people), automate so as to be able to get the job done with fewer people, or go out of business. The current trend is to automate. For example, fast-food places (where many teens get their first job experience), are switching to automated cashier panels: and robotic burger makers Meanwhile, you've all seen the trend in supermarkets towards self-service checkout. One of the bigger sources of job-loss for young black men, has been their replacement by illegal aliens. But don't expect black voters to switch to voting for the guy most likely to handle the illegal alien issue. ADDING: see Paul's "Robots taking over" thread for more details.