Science of Survival reviewed (Part 1)

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    Science of Survival, reviewed (Part 1, abridged)

    The year of 1950 saw a peak of public attention for L. Ron Hubbard
    ("LRH"). Thanks to exploitative marketing his book "Dianetics" was a
    best-seller, his classes and lectures were well-attended, and many
    followers awaited further developments from his evolving movement.
    In August 1950, a sequel titled "Dianetics, what it means to you"
    was announced for publication in late Autumn by the Hubbard Dianetics
    Foundation.

    But internal conflicts within that Foundation, and escalating
    turmoil in his private life, caused a case of "writer's block" and
    ultimately a post-Dianetics mental breakdown for LRH. A book,
    re-titled "Science of Survival" ("S.O.S."), didn't see its formal
    release until many months later in Summer 1951. In that interim,
    negative publicity regarding the Foundation and then LRH himself
    became news coast-to-coast, and the original large audience for
    Dianetics-related publications practically vanished. The initial
    print run for S.O.S. was only 1250 volumes, and received zero press
    attention or editorial reviews. Even now, despite extensive reviews
    of operations of the Church of Scientology, none yet analyze S.O.S.

    Science of Survival deserves greater scrutiny now, as documents about
    L. Ron Hubbard's misfortunes preceding his founding of the Church of
    Scientology are now being sourced from collections and placed on the
    Internet. Selections, such as those posted at: http://www.meepthorp.com
    provide us a better means of identifying significance of some of the
    more obscure passages in LRH's writings and what they were actually referencing.

    Science of Survival is anything but a spellbinding page-turner with a
    flowing narrative. Unlike conventional works, S.O.S. is formatted around
    a chart broken into over-40 classifications described within hundreds of pages.
    Separate chapters analyze individual chart sections, beginning with a few
    pedestrian comments about its virtue, followed by a description of claimed
    observations starting with numerically-designated "high tones" then "low tones."
    Readers were also admonished to consult a glossary whenever encountering many
    of the newly introduced terms. Passages also notably lapsed into rants done
    in a stream-of-consciousness style, disparaging characteristics of "low-toned"
    individuals.

    Reportedly dictated in rented rooms, at several hundreds of pages S.O.S. really
    could have benefited from more aggressive editing, if only to suggest a sense of
    coherence from its author. Despite its title S.O.S. did not rise to the level of
    actual "science," as the most fanciful claims by the author in most cases
    contained no attributions to peer-reviews nor any other external evidentiary support.
    Its redundant format also makes S.O.S. quite depressing to read, but with a
    focused effort one can find interpretive values, primarily where LRH's spews
    include vengeful comments targeting recent and identifiable adversaries to
    himself and to the Dianetics movement. This correlates with insights from a
    published 1950 review of "Dianetics" where psychiatrist Robert E. Peck wrote:

    "...As for Hubbard himself, he may be explained as a misguided and frustrated
    genius whose previous efforts in the realm of scientific fiction have subtly
    prepared him for that nice ignorance of reality without which he could not have
    developed this epic. Certain bits of internal evidence such as his insistence
    on the frequency of abortions, his cruel fathers, his unfaithful mothers,
    his blundering doctors, his arrogance toward authority, may indicate the
    author's own systematized paranoid delusions..."

    Beyond demonstrations of a "malignant narcissism," what is most dangerous
    about S.O.S. is how it then extends to advocate mistreatment of anyone
    who does not "measure up" on an arbitrarily-numbered "tone scale" applied
    by the self-described "mathematician-philosopher" L. Ron Hubbard.

    The purpose of Dianetics was said to be to raise a person up the "tone scale"
    where the optimum was 4.0 and irrationality existed below 2.0. Examples of this
    follow. Truly negative emotions resided in a band from 1.5 to 1.1, and death was 0.0.

    The bulk of "Science of Survival" is about how to handle these various
    states with Dianetics processing, according to advocacy by LRH.
    (For purposes of brevity, processing is only explored when it relates
    to selective contexts here). S.O.S. has two main sections, which include
    book numbers of I or II. To prevent variations within print runs from
    affecting accuracy of these references, book and chapter location rather
    than page numbers are given.

    Redefinitions within S.O.S.

    Dianetics' Early Internal Failures

    (1) Dr. Joseph Winters, Medical Director of the Dianetics Foundation,
    resigned in October 1950, after he saw clients have breakdowns (including
    a suicide) instead of becoming "clear." He elaborated on his concerns
    in a critical book "Dianetics, a Doctor's Report" published in May 1951.

    In apparent response, LRH wrote "Dianetics works. None who have spent any
    time around the Foundation can doubt that," "You can't drive anybody mad
    with Dianetic processing" (Introduction, book I) and "...other suicides,
    great and not so great, stack like cordwood before the back alleys that
    block Dianetics" (chapter 27, book I). Regarding Dr. Winter's areas of
    specialty, LRH also wrote "We in Dianetics...are not at all concerned with
    psychosis, neurosis or psychosomatic illnesses" (chapter 27, book I).

    (2) Demonstration of Dianetic "Clears"
    LRH tried and failed when publicly attempting to demonstrate the superior
    memory retention capabilities claimed of a "clear" (as defined in the book
    "Dianetics"). Onstage at the Los Angeles' Shrine Auditorium on August 10, 1950,
    "clear" Sonya Bianca couldn't even remember the color of LRH's necktie!

    LRH wrote "A general tendency is to regard a Clear as a sideshow piece...
    but too much emphasis has been laid upon mental tricks a Clear may be
    able to do, his ability to recall accurately, his ability to see again
    anything at which he has gazed. In the business of living these things
    are not important." (chapter 2, Book I)

    (3) Death of David Cary
    Dianetic Instructor David Cary was involved in a murder-suicide in
    February 1951.

    Within S.O.S. a "memorial" was written as a footnote, placing blame solely
    on his wife, stating that "friends" in Dianetics had warned him that
    she was dangerous, and advising others against husband-and-wife auditing
    (chapter 4, book I).

    (4) Prosecution of Dianetics Foundation
    In early 1951, the State of New Jersey filed suit to have the Dianetics
    Foundation shut down on the charge of practicing medicine without a license.

    LRH wrote "If it is illegal anywhere to process people, then it must also,
    sequitur, be illegal to make people happy. And if laws exist against
    making people happy, somebody had better overthrow that government, quick.
    For it is a death government, so entheta that it will bring about the
    death of the state and those within it." (chapter 1, book I)

    Additionally, he wrote "Any law which would force people to remain ill
    when they might be well would be an evil law. Furthermore, the laws
    of man have never been able to do much to suppress the laws of God"
    (chapter 12, book I).

    Dianetics Early External Failures

    (5) Critical Press Reviews

    Criticisms of Dianetics appeared in 1950-1951 within newspapers,
    professional journals, mass-market magazines, and at scientific meetings.

    A brief chapter in S.O.S. seemed to address critical writers, when it
    introduced a claimed liability where persons demonstrating a "lower-tone"
    would only receive written information literally, which was restated as
    an inability to rationalize or understand ambiguities, and criticizing a
    person when "he is very concerned sometimes about the rightness of words
    in remarks." (chapter 26, book I). This was sort of a glancing blow.

    LRH more directly criticized the aims of science, stating

    "Modern science has gone so far to advocate the rise of man from mud and
    clay alone, has denied to him even a semblance of a soul, and so has not
    only solved none of the problems of the humanities, but has aided and
    abetted a godless government which seeks nothing less than the engulfment
    and enslavement of all men" (chapter 15, book I). LRH blamed Scientists
    collectively, saying their goal for man was an "ant society," and criticized
    schools of thought that resulted in unlimited weapons like the "grave spade"
    of the atom bomb (chapter 18, book II).

    (6) Business Rivals and Hypnotism
    The most active competition for Dianetics therapy and training
    in 1950 was from existing practitioners of hypnosis.

    LRH countered that by claiming that Dianetic "reverie...is not even
    a cousin to hypnotism" (chapter 5, book II), that "time track" therapy
    of Dianetics worked better with a person who was not hypnotized (chapter 16,
    book I), and that "hypnotism never has and never will raise an individual
    on the tone scale" (chapter 27, book I).

    LRH further wrote "hypnotism has been a parlor game, the tool of the
    pervert, the command assertion of the authoritarian, and is more general
    than one would immediately suspect, as the auditor will discover after
    he has processed a few cases. He should not be surprised at what he finds
    in a hypnotic incident, since the facts may differ entirely from what the
    hypnotist told the subject had taken place. A motto one could use is
    'never believe a hypnotist'" (chapter 17, book II).

    Perhaps more relevant is LRH's characterizations of how "the apathy case
    to some degree is in a permanent hypnotic trance and will listen to and
    believe anything no matter how ridiculous it may be" and "Hypnotism is
    used in some base religions and is commonly employed by old schools
    of mental healing, which should make plain the level of these cults
    on the Tone Scale" (chapter 27, book I).

    LRH cautioned that "there is another form of hypnotism...(it) has
    been a carefully guarded secret of certain military and intelligence
    organizations. It is a vicious war weapon and may be of considerable
    more use in conquering a society than the atom bomb. This is no
    exaggeration. The extensiveness of the use of this form of hypnotism
    in espionage work is so wide today that it is long past the time
    when people should have become alarmed about it." (chapter 17, book II).
    (This passage appears to be an early exposure of the CIA's
    "Operation Bluebird" program, which was launched in April 1950 and
    was a precursor to what became the infamous "MKUltra" program).

    Personal Issues of L. Ron Hubbard

    (7) Education
    LRH's credentials for effective psychotherapy seemed to rest solely
    on his status as a prolific science-fiction author, as his educational
    background seemed to be based on recitations of his mere attendance at
    just one class of a branch of physics.

    LRH took on the educational process as a whole in S.O.S., stating
    "The educational process becomes one of semi-hypnotically receiving
    doughy masses of data and regurgitating them upon examination papers."
    "No words bitter enough or strong enough could be leveled at authoritarian
    educational systems...wastebasketing this enormous and onerous effort
    on the part of mentally constipated straw men and would-be Little Caesars
    on their lecture platforms would, of course, be an enormous benefit
    to the whole society...authoritarian education has more or less the
    same effect upon the individual as hypnotism..." (chapter 27, book I
    and chapter 1, book II). Finally, in a clearly self-referential passage,
    as a college dropout himself LRH summarized: "In a very low-tone society,
    institutions of 'learning' are commonly deserted after a year or two by
    most persons who, through reason, wish to be of worth to their fellow men"
    (chapter 18, book II).

    (8) Jack Parson's OTO Society
    LRH was a partner in a failed business with Jack Parsons, who was the leader
    of the "Agape Lodge" of the "Ordo Templi Orientis" of Pasadena in 1945-1946.
    "Free love" was a central mandate of the OTO, and although LRH reportedly
    participated freely with young women of the lodge, within S.O.S. he disparaged
    that philosophy as one that was unfit for society.

    LRH stated that "love" as a word was not fit for accurate communication
    as it had conflicting meanings, then added: "A government wishing to
    deprave its people to the point where they will accept the most perfidious
    and rotten acts abolishes first the concept of God; and in the wake of
    that destroys the family with free love..." (chapter 15, book I).
    Free love was later considered a threat as "a society which reaches this
    level is on its way out of history, as went the Greeks, as went the
    Romans, as goes modern Europe and American culture..." (chapter 18, book I).
    "To such people the perfidious and twisted practices of subversion have
    an enormous appeal. It gives them the 'right' to free love and general
    promiscuity and sets them above, by destroying the church and other
    institutions of by holding these as nothing, any necessity to conform to
    an existing social order" (chapter 27, book I).

    As further evidence of LRH's familiarity with OTO's anti-Christian stance
    and its emphasis on demonology, S.O.S. is laced with frequent references
    such as "demon circuits" (chapter 10, book I), "minions of the devil"
    (chapter 24, book I), "devil worship" (chapter 1, book II), "the devil is
    succumb" and "servants of evil" and "minions of the devil" (chapter 4, book II),
    witchcraft (chapter 13, book II), references to a demon (chapter 15,
    book II) and the devil (chapter 18, book II), and also criticizes
    Christianity (chapter 18, book II).

    (9) Marriage
    In late 1950 LRH's marriage was wracked with dissension, with both
    partners reportedly engaging in affairs, ultimately leading to a
    separation and divorce filing of April 1951. Within S.O.S. the reader
    finds numerous disparaging references to marriage with a partner who
    is deemed unfit, such as "any luckless person...is, literally speaking
    in danger of his life and sanity" (chapter 13, book I). Regarding
    extra-marital affairs, "a love clandestinely conducted and based on
    lies which will bring harm to others denotes a cowardice low enough
    to bring nausea to any decent man" (chapter 21, book I). Finally,
    LRH warns that "one should be apprised that his name on a marriage
    certificate coupled with that of an apathy case constitutes a death
    warrant more certain than that of a court of law" (chapter 27, book I).

    Here the "tone scale" is directly brought into play, as "1.1"
    (one-point-one) is stated to be the "most wicked" level of the
    "tone scale" and it is applied to the unfaithful wife, including the
    harlot and those who engage in free love, early marriage and quick divorce
    (chapter 18, book I), whose direction it is said is "towards death"
    (chapter 27, book I). Poor memory is also attributed to such women, as at
    1.1 "a mother will attempt the abortion of her child" and "the mother who
    has many times attempted abortion upon her child is quite anxious that the
    child should not remember anything" (chapter 18, book I and chapter 7, II).

    Regarding women more generally, LRH elaborates:

    "The whole future of the race depends upon its attitude toward children;
    and a race which specializes in women for 'menial purposes' or which
    believes that the contest of the sexes in the spheres of business, action,
    and politics is a worthier endeavor than the creation of tomorrow's
    generation, is a race which is dying. We have, in the woman who is an
    ambitious rival of the man in his own activities, a woman who is neglecting
    the most important mission she may have. A society which looks down upon
    this mission, and in which women are taught anything but the management
    of a family, the care of men, and the creation of the future generation,
    is a society which is on its way out. The historian can peg the point
    where a society begins its sharpest decline at the instant where women
    begin to take part, on an equal footing with men, in political and
    business affairs; since this means that the men are decadent and the
    women are no longer women. This is not a sermon on the role or position
    of women: it is the statement of a bald and basic fact. When children
    become unimportant to a society, that society has forfeited its future"
    (chapter 18, book I).

    Evalution of 1.1 on the Tone Scale

    LRH had a lot to disparage, when he created then described particular
    characteristics of a band at "1.1" on his tone scale. In various chapters
    he wrote about "1.1s":

    "The level of covert hostility" "Even their small talk is utterly
    untrustworthy" "Imaginary exteriorizations are most chronic"
    "At 1.1 we have lying to avoid real communication"
    "The most dangerous and wicked level on the Tone Scale"
    "Here is the person who smiles while he inserts a knife blade between your
    vertebrae" "This is the level of the pervert, the homosexual, the turncoat"
    "A 1.1 is the most dangerously insane person in society and is likely to
    cause the most damage" "On this level there is no concept of honor, decency
    or ethics; there is only desperate death-bent thought of self and of damage
    to others"
    "Such people should be taken from the society as rapidly as possible
    and uniformly institutionalized; for here is the level of the contagion
    of immorality and the destruction of ethics; here is the fodder
    which secret police organizations use for their filthy operations"
    "A society which falls into the 1.1 band of the Tone Scale can be
    expected to abuse sex, to be promiscuous, to misuse and maltreat
    children, and to act, in short, much the way current cultures are acting"
    "Many 1.1s blatantly 'pride themselves' on their honesty, and so
    license themselves to make destructive statements 'for the good of'
    somebody else which are actually lies"

    At greater length, LRH explained:
    "At 1.1, truth receives her severest drubbing; for here truth is confused,
    upset and twisted, hidden for fear somebody may make retaliation, until one
    understands that data from this level of the Tone Scale has only two purposes:
    to wreak the most harm upon others and secure the greatest safety for self.
    Here we have lies used to hide lies amid the most frantic protestations of
    honesty and a noisy advertising campaign about the ethics of the speaker.
    Beneath the facade of honor, honesty, ethics and 'one's sacred word,'
    one is apt to find a writhing cesspool of vicious and malicious lies
    calculated to to the greatest possible harm...Experience demonstrated
    that, whatever the advertisement of honesty, the 1.1 is completely
    incapable of truth but lies out of some horrible mechanical compulsion...
    Bluntly, anyone takes his life and his reputation in his hands when
    he believes a 1.1, no matter the evidence...in the 1.1, a deep and
    exhaustive inspection of the motivations and goals reveals a snake pit
    of lies and insincerities, of pretenses and unrealities. Such persons
    can turn on tears and other emotions at will and use the language of
    highest honor to serve the most despicable ends." (chapter 22, book I).

    "A 1.1 with a superiority engram which demands that he take responsibility
    may make an excellent show and be very convincing, but the show he is
    making and the conviction he seeks to implant in others are not the things
    intended, and a glance below the surface will discover an entirely different
    program aimed solely toward malicious destruction." (chapter 24, book I)

    Authoritarianism/1.5
    From individual concerns at 1.1 LRH expanded to societal concerns at 1.5:

    "One has to go well down the Tone Scale in order to find the
    next stopping point for politics, and here he locates fascism
    as existing between 2.0 and 1.5. Fascism is an absolute control,
    for destructive purposes, of an environ, with forthright and
    strong-armed means employed in seeking that control." (chapter 19, book I)

    A related term was "death talkers" which referenced dictators of
    WWII, "It so happens that anyone in the 1.5 band will bring about
    disaster regardless of his stated intentions" (chapter 13, book I).

    "At 1.5 we have the individual assuming responsibility much more
    often and more widely than he can possibly manage in order to bring
    about destruction along the dynamics. He will play one dynamic against
    another. He may talk as if he is saving something or give very
    preservative motives for his actions, but no matter what he does
    the end result will be destruction...here is the death talker who is
    going to save something from destruction by creating great havoc...
    warmongers and dictators are markedly in this band, but one finds
    1.5s in all business organizations..." (chapter 24, book I).

    "In any relatively low-toned social order the idea of having
    the right to do hidden and vicious things for a 'glorious cause'
    is so attractive to persons in this area that they automatically
    support this political idiocy. As reason is absent in this area
    of the Tone Scale, it never occurs to these recruits that the most
    zealous amongst them will be the first to go down under firing squads,
    since even a totalitarian regime, in attempting to run any kind of
    a state, must compel severe conformity to its own 'codes,' no matter
    how depraved these 'codes' might be; and the recruit in the land
    which was about to be conquered was selected because of nonconformity.
    Thus, immediately after a complete totalitarian conquest of a
    country we invariably witness an extensive slaughter of individuals"
    (chapter 27, book I).

    S.O.S. and society

    LRH's arbitrary application of his numerical scale to redefine persons,
    goes beyond the original 1951 subtitle of S.O.S. which promised
    "simplified, faster Dianetics techniques." The Freudian concept of
    analysis of behaviour through classification of motives was emulated
    with LRH's division of the mind as "analytical" or "reactive," and
    a division of all life into "mental" and "physical." The Tone Scale
    itself was cornered with "affinity, reality and communication" or A-R-C.

    As a self-described "mathematical philosopher" LRH stated that all
    math was "A-R-C acting upon MEST" (defined as matter, energy, space and time,
    composing the physical universe). LRH postulated that the mission of
    life-force "theta" was to conquer "MEST" and that part of exercising
    command over an environment included an individual's or group's belief
    in its ability to affect a section of life, a nation or a smaller group
    (chapter 19, book I).

    From there broader denigrations and societal remedies were proposed.
    For example, of an estimated 152 million population in 1950, 19 million
    persons (about 1/8th) were declared by LRH to be insane in the USA,
    and LRH stated that any person who measured below 2.0 on his Tone Scale
    had a negative value to society (chapter 1, book I, and chapter 13, book II).

    LRH also postulated that instead of the moral concepts of absolute
    right and absolute wrong, that there was "infinity-valued logic" which
    is on a gradient scale which permits no absolute at either end
    (chapter 19, book II). Furthermore, "agreement" constituted what
    was actually reality, and that "majority opinion rules" where defining
    reality was concerned (which stands as an antithesis to other structures,
    such as fundamental "thou shalt not" prohibitions of the "Ten Commandments").

    As an explanation, LRH cites a "certain mawkish sentimentality" in our
    current society, "encouraged by generations of literary men who were
    attempting only the strongest impact and thus the greatest sale for
    their works" who resulted in considerations of empathy...by Dianetics
    processing this grief is very easily dispensed with" (chapter 27, book I).

    Accordingly, LRH stated that low-toned persons should be denied civil rights.

    "In any event, any person from 2.0 down on the Tone Scale should not have,
    in any thinking society, any civil rights of any kind. Because by abusing
    those rights, they bring into being arduous and strenuous laws which are
    oppressive to those who need no such restraints. And particularly none
    below 2.0, chronically or acutely, should be used as witnesses or jurors
    in courts of law, since their position in regard to ethics is such as to
    nullify the validity of any testimony they might assay or any verdict they
    might offer" (chapter 21, book I).

    Consistent with such, LRH wrote regarding psychotics that
    "it would be far kinder to kill then immediately and completely" rather
    than to submit them for medical treatment (chapter 1, book II).

    LRH then wrote that low-toned persons were to either be processed,
    or disposed:

    "The reasonable man quite ordinarily overlooks the fact that people from
    2.0 down have no traffic with reason and cannot be reasoned with as one
    would reason with a 3.0. There are only two answers for the handling of
    people from 2.0 down on the tone scale, neither one of which has anything
    to do with reasoning with them or listening to their justification of
    their acts. The first is to raise them on the tone scale by un-enturbulating
    some of their theta by any one of the three valid processes. The other is
    to dispose of them quietly and without sorrow. Adders are safe bedmates
    compared to people on the lower bands of the tone scale" (ch 27, book I).

    LRH believed that Dianetics auditing was so important, that within
    S.O.S. he advocated murder of those who may deny it:

    "When you spot a sudden cessation of auditing, the barring of a person from
    auditing or a refusal to audit, you can be certain that the person responsible
    for this cessation of auditing or the refusal to permit or encourage it has a
    selfish profit to make or is hiding something. A person like this is such a
    menace to himself and to others around him that auditing is much too good
    for him; he should be shot on sight" (chapter 25, book I)

    Rather than allow these sentiments to be read as anomalies, shock tactics
    were also endorsed. "In fighting, the best tactic is to strike such a sudden,
    unexpected and hard blow that one's enemy is instantly shot down the
    Tone Scale to apathy. Japan, receiving an atom bomb, descended instantly
    into apathy and surrendered. Hard but long-drawn-out blows or shocks harden
    resistance as in the bombing of London or Madrid. Shock and courage level
    are intimately connected" (chapter 23, book I). Later on, LRH added "a
    Venezuelan director once decided to stop leprosy. He saw that most lepers
    in his country were also beggars. By the simple expedient of collecting
    and destroying all the beggars in Venezuela an end was put to leprosy in
    the country" (chapter 27, book I).

    So...is S.O.S. about "Survival" or really about Genocide?

    At this point, a reader would feel justified in concluding that he had
    been misdirected or tricked at the least, and cheated at the most.

    The title of "Science of Survival" implied objective information
    aiding survival, and the original subtitle promised faster Dianetics
    techniques. Numerous references had gone on to disparage dictators,
    including some labeling of some as "death talkers," which were intermixed
    with statements such as "Don't be convinced that you have rights of ownership
    or life-and-death powers over your fellow man. Leave that to the accomplished
    authoritarians, of whom we, unfortunately, have so many" (chapter 4, book I).

    Now, arguments were being made commanding readers to plan for mass killings,
    without necessary explanation on procedures with which how to accomplish
    these society-shattering goals. This sort of confusion arises from an
    uncommon "unreliable narrator" literary technique. The result is that
    readers become obligated to stop, re-consider, and make up their own minds.

    So, which course of action did author L. Ron Hubbard actually advocate?

    The mis-mash of LRH's writing results in arguments made both ways.
    Was this intentional? Here we would have to speculate.

    Support for the view that the admonitions within S.O.S. were written without
    intention, would rest on an examination of the author's state of mind at the
    time. Certainly the heavy burden of launching and publicizing Dianetics in
    1950, handling demands of business matters as well as frequent travel and
    lecturing, combined with responsibilities of raising a newborn infant,
    would have caused significant fatigue.

    Within S.O.S. there are passages advocating use of substances:

    "The auditor, if he wishes, may even put his preclear on freewheeling
    with a ration of GUK between sessions. He will find that this had the
    efficacy of occasionally knocking out whole somatics and making the
    future job of processing easier. In any event the GUK seems to promote
    the case." (chapter 19, book II)

    "If one must do something by way of drugs for these people, better
    effects, according to medical observation, can be achieved by the
    administration of stimulants such as benzedrine..." (in comparison
    to phenobarbitol) (chapter 17, book II).

    Stimulants and sedatives were referenced knowingly in S.O.S., and reliance
    upon them to help manage personal affairs, would have compounded
    that fatigue. Perhaps the revelation of even a top-secret CIA program like
    "Operation Bluebird" within S.O.S. is evidence of a sort of poor judgment,
    often seen from those who have frequently used a regimen of stimulants.

    S.O.S's stated intention of implementation of the Dianetics program, to save
    society "before the atom bomb (could destroy it)" also implies an adrenaline-fed
    writing perspective. These likely were part of a combination of factors,
    that led to an acknowledged "mental breakdown" that LRH suffered in early 1951.

    Alternately, the inherent conflicts within S.O.S. could also have been intentional.

    S.O.S. acknowledges that if a "pre-clear" were told to go in two directions at once,
    he would be confused. How the "pre-clear" behaves towards "action phrases" was an
    indicator of his position on the Tone Scale (chapter 28, book I).

    What was LRH saying and trying to warn readers about? Was this then a test of his
    reader's "theta" (life spirit)? If it is a test of the reader, it is consistent with
    LRH's statement that "On the highest levels (of the Tone Scale), the individual can
    understand that the thing is not its name..." (chapter 26, book I).

    According to Scientology author Jon Atack, this also resembles an aspect of
    the practice of occult "magick," where one way to conceal the true meaning of a
    teaching is to reverse it. In his essay "Scientology and the Occult" (available online),
    Jon Atack cited a 2-faced God named Janus, which to some had an etymological link to
    the term "Dianus" (similar to "Dianetics") and in context Jon cited a Roman term of
    "maleficium" in that essay for "Black Magic."

    LRH participated directly with one leader of occult magick (Jack Parsons of the OTO)
    in 1945-1946, and numerous aspects of LRH's actions and writings following that time
    parallel those occult teachings, including a later 1952 spoken admission that "magic"
    was indeed one of his sources.

    Which leads to a possible third interpretation of S.O.S., where its internal conflicts are
    alternately a sort of a OTO-style public confession. Within S.O.S. clear clues of a
    dishonest style of communications are identified as a characteristic of behaviors found
    at "1.1" on his tone scale. If so, can we ask, based on what we now know about LRH,
    if he was, relative to teachings within S.O.S, just what he was trying to warn us against?

    (Part 2 of this discussion will explore Science of Survival's impacts within Scientology).
     
    Last edited: Aug 31, 2017
  2. Veda

    Veda Sponsor

    Hubbard read the Book of the Law and, IIRC, mentioned it in the 1952 PDC lectures.

    From 'The Book of the Law' and from Crowley's commentary on 'The Book of the Law'.


    [​IMG]
    Self portrait by Aleister Crowley


    [​IMG]


    Blood red: The same color as the Tech Volumes.


    From the Introduction of 'The Book of the Law':

    III

    THE LAW OF THELEMA

    This Book lays down a simple Code of Conduct.

    "Do what thou wilt shall be the whole of the Law."



    From the main text of 'The Book of the Law':

    We have nothing with the outcast and the unfit; let them die in their misery. For they feel not. Compassion is the vice of Kings: stamp down the wretched and the weak: this is the law of the strong: this is our law and the joy of the world...

    The Kings of Earth shall be the Kings forever: the slaves shall serve.

    Them that seek to entrap thee, to overthrow thee, them attack without pity or quarter; and destroy them utterly.



    __________

    From 'The Book of the Law':

    Mercy be off: damn them who pity! Kill and torture; spare not; be upon them!


    Commentary:

    An end to the humanitarian mawkishness which is destroying the human race by the deliberate artificial protection of the unfit...

    What has been the net result of our fine 'Christian' phrases? In the good old days there was some sort of natural selection; brains and stamina were necessary to survival. The race, as such, consequently improved. But we thought we knew, oh! so much better, and we had 'Christ's law' and other slush, so the unfit crowded and contaminated the fit...

    Should we not rather breed humanity for quality by killing off any tainted stock? And exterminating the vermin who infect it...




    ___________​


    From 'Science of Survival: Prediction of Human Behavior' - by L Ron Hubbard, 1951:


    The reasonable man quite ordinarily overlooks the fact that people from 2.0 down have no traffic with reason and cannot be reasoned with as one would reason with a 3.0. There are only two answers for the handling of people from 2.0 down on the tone scale , neither one of which has anything to do with reasoning with them or listening to their justification of their acts. The first is to raise them on the tone scale by un-enturbulating some of their theta by any one of the three valid processes .

    The other is to dispose of them quietly and without sorrow. Adders are safe bedmates compared to people on the lower bands of the tone scale. Not all the beauty nor the handsomeness nor artificial social value nor property can atone for the vicious damage such people do to sane men and women. The sudden and abrupt deletion of all individuals occupying the lower bands of the tone scale from the social order would result in an almost instant rise in the cultural tone and would interrupt the dwindling spiral into which any society may have entered. It is not necessary to produce a world of clears in order to have a reasonable and worthwhile social order; it is only necessary to delete those individuals who range from 2.0 down, either by processing them enough to get their tone level above the 2.0 line — a task which, indeed, is not very great, since the amount of processing in many cases might be under fifty hours, although it might also in others be in excess of two hundred — or simply quarantining them from the society.

    A Venezuelan dictator [Juan Vincente Gomez] once decided to stop leprosy. He saw that most lepers in his country were also beggars. By the simple expedient of collecting and destroying all the beggars in Venezuela an end was put to leprosy in that country.



     
  3. Veda

    Veda Sponsor

    For anyone interested in the events surrounding the writing of 'Science of Survival', here's some background.

    An account by Richard DeMille, who accompanied Hubbard to Havana, Cuba, in 1951, where 'Science of Survival' was written - actually dictated onto a sound recorder. DeMille was one of the original transcribers.

    http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~dst/Library/Shelf/miller/interviews/demille.htm


    Below is part of the the BBC 'Secret Lives' program on Hubbard. Accounts surrounding the writing of 'Science of Survival' can be found between 6:20 and 9:10 of this video:

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7wPuynIxF7w


    And here's a letter from Ron Hubbard to 2nd wife Sara, from 1951 (...and, for any innocent Independent Scientologists out there :), no, Hubbard was not in a Cuban Military Hospital, was not about to be transferred to the States as a classified scientist immune from interference of all kinds, was not paralyzed, did not have trouble moving and was not going blind, and no, the Army and Navy did not have it.):

    "Dear Sara -

    "I have been in a Cuban Military Hospital and I am being transferred to the States next week as a classified scientist immune from interference of all kinds though I will be hospitalized probably for a long time. Alexis is getting excellent care. I see here every day. She is all I have to live for. My wits never gave way under all you did and let them do but my body didn't stand up. My right side is paralyzed and getting more so. I have trouble moving and I am going blind. I hope my heart lasts.

    "I may live a long time and again I may not. But Dianetics will last 10,000 years for the Army and Navy have it now. But I wanted to be well and strong and I can barely move now. My will is all changed. Alexis will get a fortune unless she goes to you as she would then get nothing.

    "Get away from bad companions.

    "Hope to see you once more.

    "Goodbye - I love you.

    "Ron."



    And a little more....

    Also in 1951, 1st wife Polly wrote this letter to Hubbard's 2nd wife, Sara (From court records):

    "Sara-

    "If I can help in any way, I'd like to - You must get Alexis [Hubbard's daughter by Sara] in your custody - Ron is not normal. I had hoped that you could straighten him out. Your charges probably sound fantastic to the average person - but I've been through it - the beatings, threats on my life, all the sadistic traits you charge - twelve years of it. I haven't asked for anything, but with all the money rolling in from 'Dianetics' I had hoped to get enough for plastic surgery for Kay's [Ron Jr.'s younger sister] birthmark - Please believe I do want you to get Alexis."



    From Hubbard's 'My Philosophy', 1965:

    "Blinded with injured optic nerves, and lame with physical injuries to the hip and back, at the end of World War II, I faced an almost nonexistent future. My service record stated: 'This officer has no neurotic or psychotic tendencies whatsoever', but also stated, 'permanently disabled physically'.

    "And so there came a further blow. I was abandoned by family and friends :violin: as a supposedly hopeless cripple and probable burden on them for the rest of my days."



    In the chapter 'Launching the Sea Org', in the book 'Bare-Faced Messiah', Virginia Downsborough was interviewed, by author Russell Miller, about her time in Las Palmas with L. Ron Hubbard (late 1966).

    Downsborough was surprised by the large number of bottles of pills that were around Hubbard's bed where he lay moping. She did not report any physical injury. Here's an excerpt:

    "He talked a lot about Sara Northrup and seemed to want to make sure that I knew that he had never married her. I didn't know why it was so important to him; I'd never met Sara and couldn't care less, but he wanted to persuade me that the marriage had never taken place. When he talked about his first wife, the picture he put out was of this poor wounded fellow coming home from the war and being abandoned by his wife and family because he would be a drain on them. He said he planned every move along the way with Mary Sue to avoid being victimized again."

    According to Alan Walter, "Virginia Downsborough... was LRH's nurse in Las Palmas. I had to clean her up after that, but she was shattered by what she witnessed."
     
  4. guanoloco

    guanoloco As-Wased

    Where have I heard this before? Hmmmmm...
     
  5. OSAOPS

    OSAOPS Patron

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